Verb Forms List With Gujarati Meaning Pdf File

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surya ugyo

  • 1Formation of the present tense
  • 2Negative present tense

Formation of the present tense[edit]

The present tense in Gujarati is for most verbs formed by removing the infinitive ending વું vũ, placing a grammatical person marker in its place, and placing the appropriate present-tense form of the verb to be afterwards.

The formula thus follows the lines of:

[verb stem + personal marker] [form of to be]

For example, for the first person:

[kar + ũ] [chhũ]

Or in full,

Hũ e karũ chhũ. (હું એ કરું છું.)
I it doing am. ('I am doing it.')

The verb to be (હોવું hovũ)[edit]

The verb હોવું is irregular both in its stem (છ chh as opposed to હો ho) and in that it does not take an auxiliary (as it is itself the auxiliary used by all other verbs). Because it is used to conjugate all other verbs, it is essential to know all the following forms.

The forms shown below are the 'forms of to be' mentioned above that are used to form the present tense.

Pronoun (En)Pronoun (Guj)Verb form
Iહું hũછું chhũ
youતું tũછે chhe
he/she/itએ eછે chhe
weઅમે ameછીએ chhiie
youતમે tameછો chho
theyએ eછે chhe
English word with gujarati meaning

Present tense endings[edit]

These are the 'personal markers' mentioned above that are used to form the present tense.

PronounPersonal marker
હું hũઉં ũ
તું tũએ e
એ eએ e
અમે ameઈએ iie
તમે tameઓ o
એ eએ e

Example: a regular verb, કરવું karvũ[edit]

The verb stem is derived by removing -vũ:

કરવું karvũ → કર kar
PronounVerb formForm of to be
હું hũકરું karũછું chhũ
તું tũકરે kareછે chhe
એ eકરે kareછે chhe
અમે ameકરીએ kariieછીએ chhiie
તમે tameકરો karoછો chho
એ eકરે kareછે chhe

Thus we can make such sentences as:

Hũ (e) karu chhũ. I am doing (it).
Apņe (kaam) kariie chhiie. We are doing (work).
Tũ (shũ) kare chhe ? (What) are you doing?

Negative present tense[edit]

Shubhaasheet With Gujarati Meaning

The negative present tense is formed completely differently from the positive present tense. It follows the pattern:

[negative marker] [verb stem + form of ]


  • The negative marker can be any one of the following: નથી nathii, ન na, નહિ nahi.
  • The form of the suffix તું tũ must agree in gender and number with the agent of the verb (thing performing the action).

For example, if Mayur (a man's name) says, 'I am not doing work,' this is:

[nathii] [kar + to]
Hũ (kaam) nathii karto. I am not doing (work).

English Word With Gujarati Meaning

Forms of તું tũ[edit]


The various gender forms of તું tũ are:

Verbs Forms List With Gujarati Meaning Pdf File

Neuterતું tũતાં tãã
Masculineતો toતા taa
Feminineતી tiiતી tii
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